絶対に覚えたい!TOEIC頻出単語500語まとめ

TOEIC Listening&Reading Testでスコアを上げるには、単語力が何よりも重要である。

単語学習の研究によれば、人は文中の98%の語句を知らないと、文の意味を正しく理解することができない。リスニングセクションおよびリーディングセクションで苦戦するのは、単語力が原因のおそれが強い。

そこでトイグルでは、TOEIC目標スコアを500点から900点までの5段階に分け、それぞれの頻出語彙100語をまとめた。ぜひとも使ってみてほしい。

*目次

  1. 目標スコア500点向けTOEIC頻出単語
  2. 目標スコア600点向けTOEIC頻出単語
  3. 目標スコア700点向けTOEIC頻出単語
  4. 目標スコア800点向けTOEIC頻出単語
  5. 目標スコア900点向けTOEIC頻出単語

1. 目標スコア500点向けTOEIC頻出単語

単語 品詞 意味 例文
access 進入路、通行権 The facilities have been adapted to give access to wheelchair users.
afford 余裕がある My parents can’t even afford a new refrigerator.
amount He needs that amount of money to survive. 
approximate おおよそ The approximate cost varies from around $150 to $250.
arrange 手配する She arranged an appointment for Friday afternoon at four-fifteen.
bill 請求書 They couldn’t afford to pay the bills.
book 予約する American officials have booked hotel rooms for the women and children. 
budget 予算  Someone had furnished the place on a tight budget.
CEO 最高経営責任者 The CEO is responsible for the success of the company.
charge 請求する The architect charged us a fee of seven hundred and fifty dollars.
check 動  確認する Check the accuracy of everything in your résumé.
colleague 同僚 Without consulting his colleagues, he flew from Los Angeles to Chicago.
committee 役員会 …the school yearbook committee.
condition 状態  He remains in a critical condition in a California hospital. 
confirm 確認する  To confirm my diagnosis I need to do some tests.
consider よく考える We don’t consider our customers to be mere consumers; we consider them to be our friends.
construction 建設、建築業 Jim now works in construction.
contain 動  含む The envelope contained a Christmas card.
contract 契約 Tyler has agreed a seven-year contract with a Hollywood studio. 
convenient 便利な …a flexible and convenient way of paying for business expenses.
corporate 法人の …top U.S.corporate executives.
current 現在の What is your current occupation?
deadline 締め切り We were not able to meet the deadline because of manufacturing delays.
deal 取引 …a great deal of money.
demand 要求する The customer demanded a refund. 
despite 〜にもかかわらず  She went to Spain despite the fact that her doctor had told her to rest.
divide 分ける The physical benefits of exercise can be divided into three factors.
downstairs 副  階下へ Denise went downstairs and made some tea.
effect 効果

Parents worry about the effect of music on their adolescent’s behavior.

efficient 効率的な Lightning is now more energy efficient.
equipment 設備 …computers, electronic equipment and machine tools.
event 出来事、イベント A new inquiry into the events of the day was opened in 2002.
except 〜を除いて I wouldn’t have accepted anything except a job in New York. 
executive (企業等の)役員 …an advertising executive.
exhibition 展示会  …an exhibition of expressionist art.
expand 拡張する Engineers noticed that the pipes were not expanding as expected.
expense 費用 He’s bought a big TV at vast expense so that everyone can see properly.
familiar 慣れている The voice on the phone sounded familiar.
figure 数字 It would be very nice if we had a true figure of how many people in this country haven’t got a job. 
firm 企業 The firm’s employees were expecting large bonuses.
fold 畳む He folded the paper carefully. 
form フォーム、形式 I am against hunting in any form.
fundamental 根本的な Our constitution embodies all the fundamental principles of democracy. 
gain 得る Students can gain valuable experience by working on the campus radio or magazine.
gathering 集まり …the twenty-second annual gathering of the South Pacific Forum.
handle 扱う To tell the truth, I don’t know if I can handle the job.
hardly ほとんど〜ない I’ve hardly slept in three days.
headquarters 本社 …the headquarters of the United Nations
hold 保つ、かかえる Could you hold my bag for me?
immediate 直ちに These tragic incidents have had an immediate effect.
indicate 示唆する A survey of retired people has indicated that most are independent and enjoying life.
inspect 詳しく調べる Elaine went outside to inspect the playing field.
install インストールする、取り付ける  They had installed a new phone line in the apartment.
interest 興味 My parents encouraged my interest in science.
interview 面接 The interview went well.
invest 投資する Many people don’t like to invest in stocks.
long-term

長期の They want their parents to have access to affordable long-term care.
meantime その間 Eventually your child will leave home to lead her own life, but in the meantime she relies on your support.
neighbor 隣人 One of the neighbors complained about the noise from the party.
notification 通知 I was given no prior notification.
passenger 乗客 Rail passengers now face even longer delays.
payment 支払い Thousands of its customers are behind with loans and mortgage payments.
personnel 職員、スタッフ All personnel are to receive security badges.
position ポジション、位置 The ship was identified, and its name and position were reported to the Coast Guard.
prefer 〜をより好む Does he prefer a particular sort of music?  
previous 以前の She has a teenage daughter from a previous marriage.
profit 利益 The bank made pre-tax profits of $6.5 million.
promote 昇進する You don’t have to sacrifice environmental protection to promote economic growth.
proposal 提案 the government’s proposals for regulation of the industry
punctual (時間に)正確な He’s always very punctual. I’ll see if he’s here yet. 
purchase 購入する He purchased a ticket and went up on the top deck.
qualification 資格 “Do you have any qualifications?”—”Yes, I’m certified to teach high school.”
receipt レシート I wrote her a receipt for the money.
recently 最近 The bank recently opened a branch in Miami.
reduce 減らす It reduces the risks of heart disease. 
refer 参照する In his speech, he referred to a recent trip to Canada.
refund 払い戻し Return your purchases within 14 days for a full refund.
register 登録する Thousands lined up to register to vote.
remain とどまる The three men remained silent.  
repair 修復する Goldsmith has repaired the roof to ensure the house is windproof.
replace 置き換える We are replacing the old railway system. 
require 必要とする If you require further information, you should consult the registrar.
reservation 予約 a dinner reservation
result 結果 Compensation is available for people who have developed asthma as a direct result of their work. 
resume 再開する She hopes to resume work after the baby is born. 
revenue 売上 …a boom year at the movies, with record advertising revenue and the highest ticket sales since 1980.
serve (食事等を)提供する The waiter was serving another table. 
shelf 棚  He took a book from the shelf.
ship 出荷する We’ll ship your order to the address we print on your checks. 
short-term 短期の Investors weren’t concerned about short-term profits over the next few years. 
sign 標識、表示 Equations are generally written with an equal sign.
therefore それゆえ Their car was bigger therefore more comfortable.
unfortunately 不運にも There is nothing I can do about it, unfortunately.
update アップデートする Airlines would prefer to update rather than retrain crews.
upgrade アップグレードする Helicopters have been upgraded and modernized.
vacant 空の Some apartments are still vacant. 
valuable 価値の高い Many of our teachers also have valuable academic links with Heidelberg University.
variety 多様性、種類 Susan’s idea of freedom was to have variety in her life style. 
workshop 講習会 They held a number of music workshops and seminars.
worth 価値がある One of the pictures is worth $50,000.

2. 目標スコア600点向けTOEIC頻出単語

単語 品詞 意味 例文
absolutely 間違いなく Joan is absolutely right.  
accommodation 宿泊施設 The government will provide temporary accommodations for up to three thousand homeless people.
accomplished 熟練した She is an accomplished painter and a prolific author of stories for children.
account 口座 Some banks make it difficult to open an account.
agenda 議題 Does television set the agenda on foreign policy?
apparently どうやら〜らしい Apparently the girls are not at all amused by the whole business.
beforehand 前もって How could she tell beforehand that I was going to go out?
board  …a cutting board. 
bound 〜行きの a train bound for Tokyo
branch 支店 

The bank has branches all over the country.

brochure パンフレット …travel brochures.
cabinet 引き出し She looked in the medicine cabinet and found some aspirin.
cashier レジ係 A cashier is collecting a payment.
caution 注意 Extreme caution should be exercised when buying used tires.
clerk (ホテル等の)係、クラーク She was offered a job as a clerk with a travel agency.
combine 結合する The Church has something to say on how to combine freedom with responsibility.
commute 動  通勤する Mike commutes to Miami every day.
compete 競合する The banks have long competed with American Express’s charge cards and various store cards.  
confidential 機密の The information will be regarded as strictly confidential.
consist 成り立つ My diet consisted almost exclusively of chocolate-covered cookies and glasses of milk.
consume 消費する Martha would consume nearly a pound of cheese per day.
contact 接触 Opposition leaders are denying any contact with the government in Kabul.
cupboard 食器棚  The kitchen cupboard was stocked with cans of soup and food.
deserve 〜に値する  This proposal deserves serious consideration.
desirable 望ましい Prolonged negotiation was not desirable.
development 開発 He firmly believes that education and a country’s economic development are key factors to progress.
dig 掘る Dig down about 6 inches.
dock (港の)ドック The ship is in dock for repairs.
electricity 電気 We moved into a cabin with electricity but no running water.
eliminate 削減する Recent measures have not eliminated discrimination in employment.
essential 本質的な A good diet is essential for everyone. 
exactly 正確に I can’t remember exactly what she said.
exchange 交換する、両替する We exchanged addresses.
expert エキスパート …a yoga expert.
extend 伸ばす The caves extend for some 12 miles.
fault 失敗 I didn’t sleep well that night, but it was my fault.
fluent 流暢な She studied eight foreign languages but is fluent in only six of them.
former 形  前の The unemployed executives include former sales managers, directors and accountants.   
grade 格付けする Dust masks are graded according to the protection they offer.
hallway (米英語)廊下 They took the elevator up to the third floor and walked along the quiet hallway.
heavily 大量に a heavily populated area
highly 非常に Mr.Singh was a highly successful salesman.
imply 示唆する “Are you implying that I have something to do with those attacks?” she asked coldly.
independent 形  独立した  Your questions should be independent of each other.  
industrious 形  勤勉な  She was an industrious and willing worker.
inquiry 質問 He made some inquiries and discovered she had gone to Connecticut.
institution 組織、施設 …financial institutions. 
interpret 解釈する His refusal to work late was interpreted as a lack of commitment to the company.
intersection  交差点 We crossed at a busy intersection.
invoice 送り状  We will then send you an invoice for the total course fees.
itinerary 旅程 The next place on our itinerary was Sedona. 
largely 主として The fund is largely financed through government borrowing.
last 続く The games lasted only half the normal time.
latter 後者の In the latter case, buyers pay a 15% commission.
laundry 洗濯物 I’ll do your laundry. 
lay 置く Mothers routinely lay babies on their backs to sleep.
lean 寄りかかる A huge mirror was leaning against the wall.
manual 手作業の、労力を使う …skilled manual workers.
market 市場  Honda is trying to increase its market share.
minimize 最小化する  Click on the top of the window to minimize it.
occupy 占有する There were over 40 tenants, all occupying one wing of the building.
official 公式の the official policy on education
option 選択肢 There are a number of options available.
origin 起源 Their medical problems are basically physical in origin.
overcome 乗り越える Molly had fought and overcome her fear of flying.
paycheck (給料用の)支払い小切手 I just get a small paycheck every month.
permit 許可する He can let the court’s decision stand and permit the execution.
pour 注ぐ  Pour a pool of sauce on two plates and arrange the meat neatly. 
press 報道機関 …freedom of the press.
priority 優先順位 The government’s priority is to build more power plants.
purely 純粋に It is a racing machine, designed purely for speed.
related 関連する The philosophical problems of chance and of free will are closely related.
reliable 信頼できる She was efficient and reliable. 
residence 住宅 The house is currently run as a country inn, but could easily convert back into a private residence.
resign 辞任する A hospital administrator has resigned over claims he lied to get the job.
resource 資源  a country rich in natural resources
review 見直し All fees are subject to review.
seek 探す They have had to seek work as laborers.
senior 上司 …the company’s senior management.
severe 厳しい Shortages of professional staff are very severe in some places.
sharp 鋭い a sharp increase in prices
shortage 不足 There is no shortage of funds.
shuttle  シャトルバス There is a free 24-hour shuttle between the airport terminals.
significant 重大な  Please inform us if there are any significant changes in your plans.
similar 似ている  The accident was similar to one that happened in 1973.
site 場所、敷地 I was working as a foreman on a building site.
skilled スキルのある Few doctors are actually trained, and not all are skilled, in helping their patients make choices.
stock …the buying and selling of stocks and shares. 
structure 構造 The typical family structure of Freud’s patients involved two parents and two children.
submit 提出する All applications must be submitted by Monday.
subscribe 定期購読する You can subscribe to the magazine for as little as $32 a year.
sweep  (ほうき等で)はく The owner of the store was sweeping his floor when I walked in. 
temporary 一時的な  His job here is only temporary.
trade 貿易  Texas has a long history of trade with Mexico.
typical 典型的な This advertisement is a typical example of their marketing strategy.
up-to-date 最新の  Web services are always up-to-date and available. 
wage 賃金 His wages have gone up.
wheel 車輪 The car wheels spun and slipped on some oil on the road. 
width What’s the width of the desk?
withdraw 引き出す He reached into his pocket and withdrew a sheet of notepaper.

3. 目標スコア700点向けTOEIC頻出単語

単語 品詞 意味 例文 
accelerate 加速させる Growth will accelerate to 2.9 percent next year.
accept 受け入れる All those invited to next week’s peace conference have accepted.
accustomed 慣れている I was accustomed to being the only child at a table full of adults.
acknowledge 認める The family acknowledge the need for change.
acquire 獲得する General Motors acquired a 50% stake in Saab for about $400m.
aircraft 航空機 The return flight of the aircraft was delayed.
alternative 代替案、代替品 Do you have any alternative suggestions?
amazing 驚くべき It’s amazing what we can remember with a little prompting.
anticipate 予想する At the time we couldn’t have anticipated the result of our campaigning.
apply 適用する I am continuing to apply for jobs.
arise 起こる A crisis has arisen in the office.
artificial 人工的な The city is dotted with small lakes, natural and artificial.
assign 割り当てる When I taught, I would assign a topic to children that they would write about.
assure 確信させる The document is genuine. I can assure you.
attend 出席する Only 12 people attended the meeting.
autograph (有名人などの)サイン He went backstage and asked for her autograph.
balance バランス、残高 I’d like to check the balance in my account please.
banquet 宴会 …this week’s Greater Cleveland Sports Commission awards banquet. 
belongings 持ち物 an insurance policy that covers your personal belongings
capture とらえる We aim to capture eight percent of the UK wine market.
cargo 積み荷 The boat calls at the main port to load its regular cargo of bananas.
ceiling 天井 The rooms were spacious, with tall windows and high ceilings.
certificate 証明書 To the right of the fireplace are various framed certificates.
collaborate 動  協力する Much later he collaborated with his son Michael on the English translation of a text on food production.
commerce 商業 measures promoting local commerce and industry
commit 〜を犯す I have never committed any crime.
convention しきたり It’s just a social convention that men don’t wear skirts.
cope 処理する My computer can cope with huge amount of data.
correspond 一致する His answer corresponded to my expectations.
delighted 喜んで I know Frank will be delighted to see you.
department 部門 He moved to the sales department.
detail 細部 The details of the plan are still being worked out. 
determine 決定する The size of the chicken pieces will determine the cooking time.
device デバイス、端末 modern labor-saving devices
diner 食事をする人 They sat in a corner, away from other diners.
distance 距離 …the distance between the island and the nearby shore.
donate 寄付する He frequently donates large sums to charity.
enclose 動  同封する The rules state that samples must be enclosed in two watertight containers.  
enormous 巨大な The main bedroom is enormous.
exclude 〜を除く Some of the data was specifically excluded from the report.
expire (期限が)切れる My passport expires next week. 
fasten 締める Fasten your seat belt.
forward 前方へ Britain is now ready to move forward.
frequent  頻繁に起こる Bordeaux is on the main Paris-Madrid line so there are frequent trains.
generous 気前の良い Dietler is generous with his time and money.
household 世帯 A growing number of households have at least one computer.
incredible 信じられない The wildflowers will be incredible after this rain.
infer 推測する I inferred from what she said that you have not been well.
initiate 始める They wanted to initiate a discussion on economics.
inn 宿泊施設 …the Waterside Inn.
innovative 革新的な …products which are cheaper, more innovative and more reliable than those of their competitors.
instructive ためになる …an entertaining and instructive documentary.
interaction 相互作用 Price is determined through the interaction of demand and supply.
irregular 不規則な Cars passed at irregular intervals.
launch 動  発射する  NASA plans to launch a satellite to study cosmic rays.
luxurious 豪華な Our honeymoon was two days in Las Vegas at a luxurious hotel called Le Mirage.
manage 経営する、管理する There is a lack of confidence in the government’s ability to manage the economy.
mission ミッション、使命 Her mission was to improve staff morale.
moreover 副  その上 The rent is reasonable and, moreover, the location is perfect.
negotiable 交渉の余地がある He warned that his economic program for the country was not negotiable.
numerous たくさんの The two leaders have worked together on numerous occasions.
objective 客観的な He had no objective evidence that anything extraordinary was happening.
omit 除く Omit the salt in this recipe.
ongoing 継続している There is an ongoing debate on the issue.
overdue 期限の過ぎた This debate is long overdue.
periodically 定期的に Teachers meet periodically to discuss progress.
physical  物質的な Physical activity promotes good health. 
potential 形  潜在的な The company has identified 60 potential customers.
practical 実践的な  …practical suggestions on how to increase the fiber in your daily diet.
predictable 予想できる This was a predictable reaction, given the bitter hostility between the two countries.
prescribe 処方する The physician examines the patient then diagnoses the disease and prescribes medication.
prevent 防ぐ Further treatment will prevent cancer from developing.
productive  形  生産的な Training makes workers highly productive.
prohibit 禁止する Fishing is prohibited.
promising 形  見込みのある A school has honored one of its brightest and most promising former students.
random 無作為な The survey used a random sample of two thousand people across the Midwest.
recognition 認識 He searched for a sign of recognition on her face, but there was none.
reform 改善 The party embarked on a program of economic reform. 
refreshment 軽食 Lunch and refreshments will be provided.
remark 述べる I remarked that I would go shopping that afternoon.
represent 代表する …Richard Bolling, a Democrat who represented Missouri in Congress.
revise 見直す  With time he came to revise his opinion of the profession.
reward 報い A bonus of up to five percent can be added to a student’s final exam score as a reward for good spelling, punctuation, and grammar.
scenery 風景 …the island’s spectacular scenery.
screen 選別する  The series is likely to be screened in January.
shower シャワー She heard him turn on the shower.
souvenir お土産  …a souvenir of the summer of 1992.
spacious 形  広々とした The house has a spacious kitchen and dining area.
specific 形   特定の Massage may help to increase blood flow to specific areas of the body.
steadily 着実に  My salary had risen steadily each year.  
store 保存する Store the cookies in an airtight tin.
strictly 副  厳しく He seemed fond of her in a strictly professional way.
sufficient 十分な  We need sufficient time to deal with the problem.
supervision 管理、監督 A toddler requires close supervision and firm control at all times.
survey 調査 The council conducted a survey of the uses to which farm buildings are put.
unless  接続  〜しない限り We cannot understand disease unless we understand the person who has the disease.
vacuum 空虚 His presence should fill the power vacuum that has been developing over the past few days. 
visible 見える  The warning lights were clearly visible. 
warehouse 倉庫  The company bought a 300,000-square-foot warehouse for $3 million.
widespread 広く行き渡った There is widespread support for the new proposals.

4. 目標スコア800点向けTOEIC頻出単語

単語 品詞 意味 例文
abolish 廃止する  The officers decided to abolish national currencies.
accumulate 動  蓄積する Lead can accumulate in the body until toxic levels are reached.
accuracy  正確さ Every care has been taken to ensure the accuracy of all information given in this leaflet.
acquisition 企業買収 …the acquisition of a profitable paper recycling company.
acute 形  (事態が)重大な acute pain
address 動  述べる He is due to address a conference on human rights next week.
adequate 十分な The company has yet to provide an adequate explanation for its auctions.
administration 管理、経営、運営 Too much time is spent on administration.
amend (議案等を)修正する The president agreed to amend the constitution and allow multi-party elections.
assemble  組み立てる The aircraft will continue to be assembled in France.
assume 思い込む、仮定する I didn’t see your car, so I assumed you’d gone out. 
attempt 試みる All attempts to control inflation have failed.
attention 注目 She tried to pay attention to what he was saying.
attract 魅了する The Cardiff Bay project is attracting many visitors.
authentic 本物の …authentic Italian food.
author 書き手、著者 …Jill Phillips, author of the book “Give Your Child Music.”
bin ゴミ箱 …big steel storage bins.
cardboard 厚紙 …a cardboard box.
cause 引き起こす Heavy traffic is causing delays on the freeway.
compile 動  編集する The book took 10 years to compile.
complement 補完する Buy a scarf that complements your dress.
consequence 結果 Our findings have far-reaching consequences for researchers.
courtesy 礼儀 …a gentleman who behaves with the utmost courtesy towards ladies.
dormitory (学校の)寮 She lived in a college dormitory.
emphasize 強調する The report emphasizes the importance of improving safety standards.
examine 調査する He examined her passport and stamped it.
extraordinary 驚くほど We’ve made extraordinary progress as a society in that regard.
fair 公平な It didn’t seem fair to leave out her father.
fire 解雇する If he hadn’t been so good at the rest of his job, I probably would have fired him. 
flyer フライヤー、チラシ Thousands of flyers advertising the tour were handed out during the festival.
full-time 正規雇用の …a full-time job.
genuine 正真正銘の There was a risk of genuine refugees being returned to Vietnam.  
identical 同一の The ingredients are identical with those of competing products.
implement 実行する The government promised to implement a new system to control financial loan institutions.
inbound  本国行の、インバウンド …a special inbound flight from Honduras.
inconvenience 不便さ We apologize for any inconvenience caused during the repairs.
indispensable 形  絶対必要な She was becoming indispensable to him.
inevitable 避けられない If the case succeeds, it is inevitable that other trials will follow.
intellectual 形  知的な Mark is very intellectual.
intermediate 形  中間の Do you make any intermediate stops between your home and work?
interval インターバル、休息 The process is repeated after a short interval of time.
leading 先導する …a leading member of the city’s Sikh community.
lift 持ち上げる Sophie lifted the phone before the second ring.
malfunction 不調 an equipment malfunction
mandatory 義務の …the mandatory retirement age of 65.
manuscript 原稿 He had seen a manuscript of the book.
masterpiece 傑作 “Four Points” is probably his masterpiece. 
merge 結合する  Bank of America merged with a rival bank.
nearby 近くに He might easily have been seen by someone who lived nearby.
nearly ほとんど Goldsworth stared at me in silence for nearly twenty seconds. 
observance 遵守 County governments should use their powers to ensure strict observance of laws.
occasional 時々の I’ve had occasional mild headaches all my life.
outbound 外国行の、アウトバウンド Airport officials say at least 20 outbound flights were delayed. 
oversight 見落とし、手落ち William was angered and embarrassed by his oversight.
part-time 非正規雇用の Many businesses are cutting back by employing lower-paid part-time workers.
postpone 延期する  He decided to postpone the expedition until the following day.
profound 深みのある Jenner is a profound thinker. 
property 財産 Richard could easily destroy her personal property to punish her for walking out on him.
prospect 見通し There are good prospects for growth in the retail sector.
prosper 繁栄する His business continued to prosper.
quote 引用する He quoted Mr.Polay as saying that peace negotiations were already underway. 
rear (車等の)後部 He settled back in the rear of the taxi.
recall 思い出す Henderson recalled that he first met Pollard during a business trip to Washington.  
recipe レシピ …a traditional recipe for buttermilk biscuits. 
recollect 思い出す All I recollect is a grey sky.
rectangular 長方形の …a rectangular table.
response 反応 There has been no response to his remarks from the government.
restrict 制限する There is talk of raising the admission requirements to restrict the number of students on campus.
retain 維持する The interior of the shop still retains a nineteenth-century atmosphere.
retire 退職する At the age when most people retire, he is ready to face a new career.
scatter 動  散らかす Scatter the onion over the fish.
sensitive 繊細な The classroom teacher must be sensitive to a child’s needs.
serial 連続的な …one of television’s most popular serials.
soak 浸す Soak the beans for 2 hours.
soar 高騰する Insurance claims are expected to soar. 
sophisticated 洗礼された sophisticated software
splendid 見事な The book includes a wealth of splendid photographs.
square 正方形 Serve the cake warm or at room temperature, cut in squares.
stake 利害 The system gives workers a stake in the firm.
standstill 停止、行き詰まり Traffic was at a standstill.
staples とじ金
stationary 静止している Stationary cars in traffic jams cause a great deal of pollution.
subsequent その次の …the increase of population in subsequent years.
surplus 余剰 …countries where there is a surplus of labor.
timeline タイムライン The timeline shows important events from the Earth’s creation to the present day.
transact (取引等を)行う Most deals are transacted over the phone.
transcript (スピーチ原稿等の)写し A transcript of this PBS program is available through our website, pbs.com.
transfer 移転する Transfer the meat to a platter and leave in a warm place.
tuition 授業料 Angela’s $7,000 tuition at university this year will be paid for with scholarships.
uncover あらわにする Auditors said they had uncovered evidence of fraud.
undertake 引き受ける  She undertook the task of monitoring the elections.
unlikely 〜しそうにない  As with many technological revolutions, you are unlikely to be aware of it.
upward  上へ向かう She started once again on the steep upward climb.
valid 有効な  They put forward many valid reasons for not exporting.
vast 莫大な …Afrikaner farmers who own vast stretches of land.
venue 会場 The International Convention Centre is the venue for a three-day arts festival.
waive (権利・要求等を)放棄する She waived her right to a lawyer.
warranty 保証書 …a twelve-month warranty.
wholesale 卸売り Warehouse clubs allow members to buy goods at wholesale prices. 
zip code 郵便番号 Type your street address and zip code.

5. 目標スコア900点向けTOEIC頻出単語

単語 品詞 意味 例文
abandon 断念する The game had to be abandoned due to bad weather.
abbreviate (文字等を)短縮する The creators of the original X-Men abbreviated the title of its sequel to simply X2.
adhere 順守する All members of the association adhere to a strict code of practice.
adjacent 近隣の He sat in an adjacent room and waited.
advocate 提唱する Mr.Williams is a conservative who advocates fewer government controls on business.
aggravate さらに悪化させる Stress and lack of sleep can aggravate the situation.
arbitrary 任意の an arbitrary decision
attribute (結果を)〜に帰する people tend to attribute quality work to those we see all the time.
barrel The wine is aged for almost a year in oak barrels.
blueprint 青写真 a blueprint for the new shopping mall
capacity 容量、キャパシティ Our capacity for giving care, love, and attention is limited.
cease 中断する At one o’clock the rain had ceased.
commence 開始する The academic year commences at the beginning of October.
debate ディベート、議論 There has been a lot of debate among scholars about this.
decline 減少する The number of staff has declined from 217,000 to 114,000.
delegate (会・組織の)代表者 The Canadian delegate offered no reply.
deny 否定する She denied both accusations. 
diagnose 診断する The soldiers were diagnosed as having flu.
disclose 開示する Neither side would disclose details of the transaction.
dismiss (考えなどを)捨てる Mr.Wakeham dismissed the reports as speculation.
dynamic 活動的な、ダイナミックな He seemed a dynamic and energetic leader.
eligible 適格な Almost half the population are eligible to vote in today’s election.
embrace 抱きしめる Penelope came forward and embraced her sister.
empower 権限を与える This is a good opportunity to empower our research group.
enable 〜を可能にさせる The new test should enable doctors to detect the disease early.
encounter 出くわす Every day of our lives we encounter major and minor stresses of one kind or another.
enhance 拡張する The White House is eager to protect and enhance that reputation.
ensure 確実にする、保証する We must ensure that all patients have access to high quality care.
entail 必然的に伴う Such a decision would entail a huge political risk in the midst of the presidential campaign.
enthusiasm 情熱 Their skill and enthusiasm has gotten them on the team.
exceed 超える Its research budget exceeds $700 million a year.
excursion 小旅行 In Bermuda, Sam’s father took him on an excursion to a coral barrier.
exempt 免除された Men in college were exempt from military service.
expenditure 支出 Policies of tax reduction must lead to reduced public expenditure.
flagship 旗艦 The company plans to open a flagship store in New York this month.
forthcoming 今度の …his opponents in the forthcoming elections.
fragile もろい The fragile economies of several southern African nations could be irreparably damaged.
framework フレームワーク …within the framework of federal regulations.
garment 衣服 Many of the garments have the customers’ name tags sewn into the linings.
gaze 凝視する Sitting in his wicker chair, he gazed reflectively at the fire.
horizontal 水平の The board consists of vertical and horizontal lines.
housekeeper 家政婦
hype 誇大広告 We are certainly seeing a lot of hype by some companies.
incentive インセンティブ There is little or no incentive to adopt such measures.
incur (負債・損失等を)負う、受ける The government had also incurred huge debts.
insurance 保険 The house was a total loss and the insurance company promptly paid us the policy limit.
intermission 休止、中断 …during the intermission of the musical “Steppin’ Out.”
labor 労働 We need to reduce our labor costs.
ladder はしご He climbed the ladder to the next deck.
lamppost 街灯
levy 徴税 …an annual levy on all drivers.
liaison 連絡、接触 Liaison between police forces and the art world is vital to combat art crime.
lighthouse 灯台
milestone マイルストーン、目印 He said the launch of the party represented a milestone in Zambian history.
monetary 金銭的な Some countries tighten monetary policy to avoid inflation.
mortgage 住宅ローン …an increase in mortgage rates.
mow 刈る He continued to mow the lawn and do other routine chores.
negligence 怠慢 The soldiers were ordered to appear before a disciplinary council on charges of negligence.
nominal 名目の As he was still not allowed to run a company, his wife became its nominal head.
outnumber (数が)上回る Apartments outnumber houses in this area.
owe (金品を)借りている The company owes money to more than 60 banks.
patent パテント、特許 P&G applied for a patent on its cookies.
pottery 陶磁器 …a fine range of pottery.
precedent 先例 The trial could set an important precedent for dealing with similar cases.
premium プレミアム At the premium end of the market, business is booming.
prerequisite 必要不可欠なもの Good self-esteem is a prerequisite for a happy life.
principal 形  主要な The principal reason for my change of mind is this.
promote 促進する You don’t have to sacrifice environmental protection to promote economic growth.
proofread 校正する I didn’t even have the chance to proofread my own report.
prototype 試作品、プロトタイプ Chris Retzler has built a prototype of a machine called the wave rotor.
provisional 暫定的な We accept provisional bookings by phone.  
reconcile 和解させる It’s difficult to reconcile the demands of my job and the desire to be a good father.
redundant 不必要な Changes in technology may mean that once-valued skills are now redundant.
reimburse (費用等を)払い戻す I’ll be happy to reimburse you for any expenses you’ve had.
remit 送金する Many immigrants regularly remit money to their families.
remuneration 報酬 …the continuing marked increases in the remuneration of the company’s directors.
roughly おおよそ There were roughly 200 people there.
sip (一口)飲む Jessica sipped her drink thoughtfully.
sluggish 停滞した The economy remains sluggish.
slump 急落する Net profits slumped by 41%.
spectator 見物人 Thirty thousand spectators watched the final game.
stroll ぶらつく We were strolling along, laughing and joking.
subsidiary 支社、支店 WM Financial Services is a subsidiary of Washington Mutual.
subsidy (国家の)補助金 European farmers are planning a massive demonstration against farm subsidy cuts.
supplement サプリメント …a multiple vitamin and mineral supplement.
surcharge 追加料金 The government introduced a 15% surcharge on imports.
sustain 維持する the policies necessary to sustain economic growth
tranquil のどかな The tranquil atmosphere of the inn allows guests to feel totally at home.
tribute ささげ物 The song is a tribute to Roy Orbison.
trustee 保管人 The trustees of your pension fund decide which fund manager will invest some or all of your future income.
unconditional 無条件で Please do not be concerned if you have already accepted your unconditional offer.
undergo (苦難等に)耐える New recruits have been undergoing training in recent weeks.
undermine むしばむ Offering advice on each and every problem will undermine her feeling of being adult.
utmost 最大の It is a matter of the utmost urgency to find out what has happened to these people.
vehicle 乗り物 …a vehicle that was somewhere between a tractor and a truck.
versatile 多才な He had been one of the game’s most versatile athletes.
vertical 垂直の The climber inched up a vertical wall of rock.
violate (法律等を)犯す They went to prison because they violated the law.
voucher 商品券 The winners will each receive a voucher for a pair of movie tickets.
yield (農作物等を)産出する Last year 400,000 acres of land yielded a crop worth $1.75 billion.

(例文はLongman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishより)

*当記事を読んでもっと知りたいと思った方は、次のエントリーも参考にしていただきたい。

Good luck!

16 Comments

chachamaru

いつもお世話になっております、為になるウエブサイトですよねーここは。
余り大した問題じゃないけど、Objectiveが主観的という意味になっていました。
客観的と入れ間違えただけだと思いますが、お知らせまで。

田邉竜彦

いつもご覧いただきありがとうございます。ご指摘の通り誤りだったため、訂正いたしました。今後ともトイグルをよろしくお願いします。

m

Worthは前置詞ではなく、形容詞、または名詞ではないのですか?
またcontactは契約となっていますが、契約はcontractではないでしょうか。
TOEICを受けるにあたり、かなり参考にさせていただいているので、そのまま覚えています。上の二箇所はたまたま見つけた箇所なので、今一度全体に誤りが無いか確認していただけたらありがたいです。

田邉竜彦

>m様

ご指摘ありがとうございます。
worthは前置詞・形容詞・名詞の3つの用法があります。TOEICではIt is worth -ing…のような形で出現することが多いため、前置詞として紹介いたしました。
(上記の用法を形容詞と考える辞書もあります)

contactは仰るとおり「接触」を意味する語句のため、「契約」での紹介は誤りとなります。申し訳ございません。訂正させていただきます。

ネコーリングラード

apparentlyにつきまして、ジーニアス辞書によりますと

推測の意味で「どうやら~らしい」が第一に掲載されております。

「明らかに」という使い方は稀とも書いてあります。

この点単語帳として覚えるとすれば「どうやら~らしい」のほうが正確かと存じます。

田邉竜彦

>ネコーリングラード様

ご指摘ありがとうございます。
訂正いたします。

新村光一

いつもお世話になっております。
「balance」,例文では残高という意味で使っていますので,意味の欄にも
「バランス,残高」等と明記してくださるとよいかと思います。

田邉竜彦

ご指摘ありがとうございます。
修正いたします。

o-tsuka

replace の例文、
ne species of tree replaces another as a forest ages.
は脱字でしょうか。

田邉竜彦

コメントありがとうございます。

誤りがあったため、文を書き換えました。
失礼いたしました。

o-tsuka

 resume 動 履歴書
とありますが、動詞なので「再開する」では?

田邉竜彦

申し訳ありません、ご指摘の通りです。
他にも内容の一部に誤りがあるので、現在修正中です。

コメントを残す

メールアドレスが公開されることはありません。 * が付いている欄は必須項目です

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